Friday, November 8, 2013

Selecting the Right Sewing Machine Needle for Your Project

Selecting the right sewing machine needle for your project is just as important as selecting the fabric.  There are different sizes and types of needles for different types of fabric. The European metric sizing system for sewing machine needles is numbered from 60 to 110 and the American sizing system is numbered from 8 to 18. Regardless of which system you are using the lower the number the finer the needle and the higher the number the larger the needle. 
Typically the lighter the fabric the smaller the needle size and the heavier the fabric the larger the needle size. The thread you use will also determine the type of needle you choose--a fine, delicate thread would require a smaller needle size.
Fabric Type                                               Machine Needle Type           Machine Needle Size
Sheer to lightweight                                       Regular Point                           9/70 or 11/80
Lightweight                                                   Regular Point                           11/80
Medium-weight                                              Regular Point                          14/90
Medium to Heavy-weight                                Regular Point                          16/100 or 18/110
Denim and Canvas                                        Denim/Jeans                           16/100
Sheer to Lightweight Knits                             Ball Point                                10/70 or 12/80
Medium to Heavy-weight Knits                       Ball Point                                14/90
Specialty Fabrics (Leather, Suede)                Wedge Point                            14/90 or 16/100
Quilting Needles                                          Slightly rounded                        11/75,12/80, 4/90

Using the wrong needle on the right fabric type can have devastating results on your project. You may see skipped stitching, poor tension, and pulling of threads just to name a few of the issues that may result.  For your quilting projects